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  • Dr Tarangini

Scope of XR technologies in Dentistry

What is XR technology?

XR(extended reality) is a general term that includes virtual, augmented, and mixed reality technologies.

An assemble of alternative, extended, or immersive reality application, together with those that have not yet been invented.

XR is transforming the way we learn, do business and provide critical human services. Improve manufacturing efficiency, workplace safety, accelerate and provide learning and professional training. Risk-free first responder training, improved health care and medical services, and rich experience.

Virtual reality (VR): VR replaces or obscures the user's VR reality with a new virtual reality. This new reality could be great, like a distant galaxy.

Augmented Reality (AR): AR overlays virtual content such as a digital object or information taken with an actual photo from the device's camera.

Mixed Reality (MR): MR associates digital and physical, a world that empowers users to interact with both in real time.

Image credits: shutterstock



How is virtual reality used in dentistry?

VR indicates a nonconventional computer graphics system possessing a virtual sense of reality in which display technologies are evolved in such a way that the human mind accepts it as a complete reality, depending on the methods used which bring humans to some other place.

VR uses computer induced simulation of a 3D environment in which humans can interconnect with the assistance of uniquely designed electrical instruments .

The 3D imaging technique permits us to learn the anatomy of the mouth and teeth. It 1st enlightens the doctor with the patient`s teeth anatomy before implantation in the mouth.

In general, a new dentist can get tensed during the drill. By using VR technology, the dentist can attain a lot of experience and can feel free while performing the actual procedure.

There is a finer connection between the patients and the dentist, which improves patient satisfaction and treatment.

Image: virtual reality glasses for dental care

Image credits: Shutterstock


VR helps improve the clinical practice process and dental education. Therefore, it seems to have a wide range of uses in dental planning, training, therapeutic treatment, and pain management. The main limitation of this is cost, and people don't seem to be very aware of this technology.

How is augmented reality used in dentistry?

In addition to the real environment, augmented reality technology provides virtual information and opens up new possibilities in many areas.

In dentistry, oral surgery and maxillofacial surgery are the main applications, with dental implant insertion and orthognathic surgery being the most common applications.

Augmented reality mostly aims to enhance clinical practice in the field of dentistry as the clinical information that is created can be directly visualized by the patient, combining the real world with the digital world.

Image: Augmented reality in dental diagnosis

Image credits: shutterstock



The primary use of augmented reality in dentistry comprises the use of digital information to upgrade reality, which allows effective communication between patients and dentists through the use of videos, pictures, and 3D models.


Clinical application of VR/AR in dentistry

Technological advances in virtual and augmented reality have enabled the application of methods in dentistry, with oral surgery and maxillofacial surgery being the main application areas, and dental implantology and orthognathic surgery being the most common applications.

Three-dimensional virtual surgery and mandibular reconstruction after cancer resection and reconstruction were the main uses of virtual reality.

Virtual planes for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction can be achieved with excellent matches.

The static transfer of the surgical plan is based on a virtual design, which then uses computer-aided design / computer-aided manufacturing (CAD / CAM) to create surgical templates to facilitate the placement of dental implants. Different types of surgical guides are available, depending on the type of support; bone, mucosa.

In summary, virtual reality and augmented reality contribute to the surgical practice and education of oral and maxillofacial surgery.

 

References

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  3. Kwon, H.-B.; Park, Y.-S.; Han, J.-S. Augmented reality in dentistry: A current perspective. Acta Odontol. Scand. 2018, 76, 497–503. [PubMed]

  4. Kim, Y.; Kim, H.; Kim, Y.O. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality in Plastic Surgery: A Review. Arch. Plast. Surg. 2017, 44, 179–187. [PubMed]

  5. Xiong, J.; Tan, G.; Zhan, T.; Wu, S.-T. Breaking the field-of-view limit in augmented reality with a scanning waveguide display. OSA Contin. 2020, 3, 2730–2740. [CrossRef]

  6. Zafar, S.; Zachar, J.J. Evaluation of HoloHuman augmented reality application as a novel educational tool in dentistry. Eur. J. Dent. Educ. 2020, 24, 259–265.[PubMed]

  7. Green, B.N.; Johnson, C.D.; Adams, A. Writing narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: Secrets of the trade. J. Chiropr. Med. 2006, 5, 101–117. [PubMed]

  8. Ran, L.; Zhao, N.; Fan, L.; Zhou, P.; Zhang, C.; Yu, C. Application of virtual reality on non-drug behavioral management of short-term dental procedure in children. Trials 2021, 22, 562. [PubMed]




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